Discuss the development of the RDT perspective and how it differs from IT. In addition, present an analysis of whether RDT, IT, or both are useful for explaining the strategic behavior of a healthcare organization where you are or have been employed.
Description and history of the organization selected for analysis.
Literature review engaging both scholarly and professional practice literatures.
Scholarly review of the empirical evidence resulting from the application of both the RDT and IT theories in healthcare settings.
Analysis of the application of RDT, IT, or both in a healthcare organization where you have been employed.
Development of an evidence-based perspective on the value of the theories.
Correct use of APA formatting and referencing throughout the document.
Hessels, J., & Terjesen, S. (2010). Resource dependency and institutional theory perspectives on direct and indirect export choices. Small business economics, 34(2), 203-220. Retrieved from https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s11187-008-9156
The authors Hessels and Terjesen explore the factors that determine a firm's choice of direct or indirect exporting. The authors approach the topic from both resource dependency and institutional theory perspectives. The authors look at the issues at hand from the resource dependency perspective, the authors suggest that a firm's internal resources and capabilities influence its decision to engage in direct or indirect exporting. Similarly, from the perspective of institutional theory, they suggest that the institutional environment in which the firm operates also plays a role in its export choice. As such, resource dependency is argued to be important for resource control and capability determinant in balancing the exporting and support of weaker resources. The authors conclude that both perspectives are valuable in understanding a firm's export choice and that a comprehensive understanding can be gained by considering both. In short, this paper provides a comprehensive analysis of the factors affecting a firm's decision to engage in direct or indirect exporting hence service provision with proper resource control.
Maryland Department of Health. (2017). A Guide to Maryland & Its Government. Retrieved from https://msa.maryland.gov/msa/mdmanual/16dhmh/html/dhmhf.html
This is a publication that provides a comprehensive overview of the state of Maryland and its government covering a range of topics including the history, geography, economy, and demographics of Maryland, as well as the structure and function of its government. It covers its foundation, key events, major historical figures, its location, climate, and major bodies of water. This is necessary to guide its economy with a focus on key industries, and major employers, as well as its economic development initiatives in line with the demographics of the state including population, ethnicity, and education levels. Within the text, there is a section that is dedicated to a comprehensive overview of its government structure covering the role and responsibilities of key state agencies and how citizens can participate in the democratic process. As such, it is a comprehensive resource to be used in learning more about the state of Maryland, its government, and its resources for citizens, students, and researchers.
University of Maryland School of Medicine. (n.d.). Community Engagement. Retrieved from https://www.medschool.umaryland.edu/about/Community-Engagement/
The university prides itself on a strong emphasis on community engagement and outreach. As such, the school recognizes the importance of working with local communities and organizations to improve the health and well-being of the population. The community engagement initiatives which are provided for by the School of Medicine address public health challenges, promote health equity and improve health outcomes through collaborative and participatory approaches with focused change in mind. The initiatives are supported by various programs and partnerships that consist of community health outreach programs, health fairs, and educational workshops. Additionally, the School of Medicine provides opportunities for its faculty, students, and staff to get involved in community engagement and gain hands-on experience in public health. This is essential to allow for implementation that is centrally developed to cater to its population. Overall, the University of Maryland School of Medicine is committed to promoting health and well-being in the communities it serves through active engagement and collaboration.
Heugens, P. P., & Lander, M. W. (2009). Structure! Agency! (And other quarrels): A meta-analysis of institutional theories of organization. Academy of management journal, 52(1), 61-85. Retrieved from https://journals.aom.org/doi/abs/10.5465/AMJ.2009.36461835
The authors carry out a meta-analysis of institutional theories of organizations to assess their empirical validity with an argument dominantly focused on the recently popular perspective in the field of organizational studies that explains the constraints and opportunities that organizations face in their environments. They also argue that there is considerable disagreement within the institutional theories regarding the relative importance of structure and agency. The meta-analysis focuses on the resource dependency and institutional theories of organizations emphasizing the impact of external constraints and opportunities on organizational behavior. As such, the authors find that there is empirical evidence that the theory complements the explanation of organizational behavior. In particular, the authors argue that resource dependency theory provides a useful framework for understanding the impact of external resource constraints on organizations, while institutional theory provides a complementary perspective on how organizations respond to these constraints through their alignment with institutional norms and expectations. Overall, the findings are useful as a framework for understanding the interplay between organizational behavior and the external environment.
Biesenthal, C., Clegg, S., Mahalingam, A., & Sankaran, S. (2018). Applying institutional theories to managing megaprojects. International Journal of Project Management, 36(1), 43-54. Retrieved from https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/abs/pii/S0263786317302296
In this paper, the authors tackle the argument that resource dependency theory highlights the importance of resources and power dynamics in organizations, while institutional theory focuses on the influence of social norms, values, and beliefs on organizational behavior. These two perspectives can be combined to provide a comprehensive understanding of the challenges and opportunities involved in managing large-scale and complex projects that span multiple organizations and stakeholders. The authors illustrate the application of these perspectives through a case study of a megaproject in the oil and gas industry. The case study highlights the importance of understanding the resource dependencies of different stakeholders, such as government agencies and local communities, to successfully manage the project. It also demonstrates how institutional factors, such as regulatory requirements and industry norms, impact project outcomes. Taking health as a major project, this article provides insights into the challenges and opportunities of applying these perspectives in practice while highlighting the importance of considering both resource dependencies and institutional factors in megaproject management.
Hossain, M. (2018). Frugal innovation: A review and research agenda. Journal of cleaner production, 182, 926-936. Retrieved from https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/abs/pii/S0959652618304037
The author of this article aims to provide a comprehensive overview of the concept of frugal innovation and to outline a research agenda for future studies. The article comprehensively reviews the existing literature on frugal innovation and identifies several key themes, including the drivers and barriers of frugal innovation, the role of firms, and the impact of frugal innovation on sustainability. However, in their discussion, the author defines frugal innovation as a process that involves creating and delivering value with limited resources. As such, they emphasize that it is done often in response to resource constraints in emerging markets. As such. the author argues that frugal innovation is not just a cost-cutting exercise but rather a process of rethinking and redesigning products, services, and business models to create more affordable and accessible solutions. Adopting the resource dependency and institutional theory, it analyzes the drivers and barriers of frugal innovation with the emphasis that the theory is crucial in shaping innovation practices. This argument is sported by the discussion that resource constraints in emerging markets drive the need for frugal innovation, while the institutional environment can either support or hinder its adoption and diffusion.
Blumer, H. (2018). Industrialization as an agent of social change: A critical analysis. Routledge. Retrieved from https://www.taylorfrancis.com/books/mono/10.4324/9781351328760/industrialization-agent-social-change-herbert-blumer
Blumer's central argument is that industrialization is not just a technical or economic process, but also a social process that has far-reaching effects on society. The author examines how industrialization has shaped the political, economic, and cultural systems of modern societies, and how it has created new social structures, institutions, and norms. Blumer explains the impact of industrialization on society based on the theory by pointing out that institutions play a crucial role in shaping and maintaining social order and stability. This affects industrialization and has created new institutions and altered existing ones which the author argues that it leads to changes in social norms and values. There is an exploration of the relationship between industrialization and new patterns of resource allocation and dependence's impact on society. It highlights both the positive and negative effects as economic growth and technological progress have led to improved standards of living for many people. On the other hand, the author points out that the negative consequences of industrialization, such as environmental degradation, income inequality, and the exploitation of labor give nuance to shaping social change.
Briassoulis, H. (2020). Analysis of land use change: theoretical and modeling approaches. Retrieved from https://www.taylorfrancis.com/books/mono/10.4324/9781351328760/industrialization-agent-social-change-herbert-blumer
The article explores the impact of the health industry on land use change through the lens of resource dependency and institutional theory. The author argues that the health sector is a significant player in the urbanization process and has major implications for land use patterns and urban form. The study reviews various theoretical and modeling approaches used to analyze land use change and its impact on the health sector, highlighting their strengths and limitations. There is an emphasis on the importance of considering the institutional context in which land use change occurs and the role of the health sector in shaping urban form. This study provides valuable insight into the relationships between the health sector, local government, and other stakeholders and highlights the need for effective policies and strategies to manage urban growth and health outcomes. The insight is useful in the determination of relationships that are important in decision-making in a way that focused on implementation as a process with a deliberate justification that can be repeated.
Leeman, J., Wangen, M., Kegler, M., Lee, M., O'Leary, M. C., Ko, L. K., … & Birken, S. A. (2022). Applying theory to explain the influence of factors external to an organization on the implementation of an evidence-based intervention. Frontiers in Health Services, 2. Retrieved from https://cdr.lib.unc.edu/concern/articles/kh04f050m
This is a study that aims to understand the impact of external factors on the implementation of evidence-based interventions in healthcare organizations. The authors used a theoretical framework to analyze the influence of external factors such as organizational culture, resources, and stakeholder involvement on the implementation process. The results of the study showed that the availability of resources and stakeholder involvement was crucial in the successful implementation of evidence-based interventions. The study also found that organizational culture played a significant role in shaping the implementation process and determining the success of the intervention. The authors concluded that healthcare organizations should consider the influence of external factors when implementing evidence-based interventions to ensure their success. The author thus provides insights into the impact of external factors on the implementation of evidence-based interventions in healthcare organizations by accounting for resources, stakeholder involvement, and organizational culture and their significance in determining the success of the implementation process.
Kholmuminov, S., Kholmuminov, S., & Wright, R. E. (2019). Resource dependence theory analysis of higher education institutions in Uzbekistan. Higher Education, 77, 59-79. Retrieved from https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s10734-018-0261-2
The article examines the dependence of higher education institutions in Uzbekistan on external resources. The authors argue that the reliance of higher education institutions on external resources can lead to increased dependence on external actors and limited institutional autonomy. Using a qualitative research design, the authors analyzed data from in-depth interviews with administrators and managers of higher education institutions in Uzbekistan and found that higher education institutions in Uzbekistan are heavily dependent on external resources. This includes government funding and international partnerships, which can lead to a loss of institutional autonomy. In-depth, they discovered that institutions are under pressure to conform to external actors' expectations and norms, which can result in a lack of innovation and creativity. Using institutional theory, the authors argue that the institutional context in Uzbekistan exerts significant influence on the behavior of higher education institutions including government policies and international actors' influence, and implementation for institutional autonomy.
3/14/23, 11:05 AM RDT and IT Analysis Paper Scoring Guide
RDT and IT Analysis Paper Scoring Guide
Due Date: End of Unit 10 Percentage of Course Grade: 20%.
CRITERIA NON-PERFORMANCE BASIC PROFICIENT DISTINGUISHED
Summarize the development of both the Resource Dependency Theory and Institutional Theory. 20%
Does not summarize the development of the Resource Dependency Theory or Institutional Theory.
Partially summarizes the development of both the Resource Dependency Theory and Institutional Theory.
Summarizes the development of both the Resource Dependency Theory and Institutional Theory.
Summarizes and analyzes the development of both the Resource Dependency Theory and Institutional Theory.
Provide a description of a healthcare organization and key strategic issues to be analyzed. 20%
Does not provide a description of a healthcare organization and key strategic issues to be analyzed.
Provides a cursory description of a healthcare organization and key strategic issues to be analyzed.
Provides a description of a healthcare organization and key strategic issues to be analyzed.
Provides a comprehensive description and evaluation of a healthcare organization and key strategic issues to be analyzed.
Apply RDT and IT to a healthcare organization and describe the outcomes of the observed organizational behavior. 20%
Does not apply RDT or IT to a healthcare organization or describe the outcomes of the observed organizational behavior.
Partially applies RDT and IT to a healthcare organization and describes some of the observed outcomes.
Applies RDT and IT to a healthcare organization and describes the outcomes of the observed organizational behavior.
Applies RDT and IT to a healthcare organization. Compares and contrasts the outcomes of the observed organizational behavior.
Assess whether Resource Dependency Theory, Institutional Theory, or both are useful for explaining the strategic behavior of a healthcare organization. 20%
Does not assess whether RDT, IT, or both are useful for explaining the strategic behavior of a healthcare organization.
Examines, but does not assess whether RDT, IT, or both are useful for explaining the strategic behavior of a healthcare organization.
Assesses whether RDT, IT, or both are useful for explaining the strategic behavior of a healthcare organization.
Assesses whether RDT, IT, or both are useful for explaining the strategic behavior of a healthcare organization, and summarizes best practices.
Communicate in a manner that meets the requirements for professional communication in the field and comply with APA formatting standards. 20%
Does not communicate in a manner that meets the requirements for professional communication in the field and comply with APA formatting standards.
Communicates in a manner that meets the requirements for professional communication in the field and complies with APA formatting standards, but does so with some lapses or errors.
Communicates in a manner that meets the requirements for professional communication in the field and comply with APA formatting standards.
Communicates in a manner that exceeds the requirements for professional communication in the field and complies with APA formatting standards. All conclusions are supported by citations from appropriate resources.
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