For this assignment, you will submit your final research proposal, incorporating feedback from your milestone drafts. The paper should be a cohesive document and include an introduction, your literature review, research design, and data analysis method. Conclusions and recommendations for future research should also be included.
I have attach 4 copies of the paper research along with the rubric guideline. This should help you put the paper together.
SPT 501 Final Project Guidelines and Rubric
Overview In sport management, like other industries, issues are encountered that require research to formulate informed resolutions. The ever-changing atmosphere of sport organizations and sport management leaves the industry susceptible to societal pressures and other factors. When problems or issues arise, management is obligated to devise a solution to appease those affected. These problems are often researched to determine causation and gather information relevant to solving the problem. A common first step in the research process is the development of a research proposal. Research proposals provide an opportunity to investigate a problem or issue from a high level before actually committing to a more thorough investigation. The final project for this course is the creation of a research proposal based on a research question that you will develop related to the sport management field. In creating your research proposal, you will conduct a literature review that examines currently existing resources related to your research question. This existing research will be analyzed for quality, but also for how it can be used to inform your own future research. Based on the findings of your literature review, you will then develop a strategy for how to approach future research and how to best analyze data. This final project is divided into three milestones, which will be submitted at various points throughout the course to scaffold learning and ensure quality final submissions. These milestones will be submitted in Modules Two, Five, and Six. The final product will be submitted in Module Nine. This assessment addresses the following course outcomes:
Analyze methodologies in scientific research germane to the sport industry in a systematic manner
Determine effective research design techniques for investigating issues within sport management
Analyze issues impacting sport management for informing research proposal development
Determine appropriate data analysis methods for conducting effective sport management research
Develop research questions that clearly and concisely articulate the purpose of research related to problems within the field of sport management
Prompt For this project, you will develop a research proposal that will serve as a complete description of your intended research in the sport management field. Your proposal will include a research question that can be systematically answered through focused data collection and analysis. Through the development of your proposal, the instrument you choose to collect data, and the subsequent data analysis selection, you will demonstrate how your research proposal will benefit the sport management industry.
Specifically, the following critical elements must be addressed:
I. Introduction: In this section, you will provide an overview of your intended research and present a research question to be investigated throughout your research proposal. Specifically:
a) Provide a brief overview that clearly communicates your intended research. b) Analyze a problem within the field of sport management that you will investigate throughout your research proposal. For example, you may
choose to analyze the issues with risk management strategies of athletic directors based on selected program and athletic director characteristics.
c) Describe the purpose of the study with specific detail about its scope and context and how the study will address the problem. d) Develop a research question that clearly and concisely articulates the purpose of the study.
II. Literature Review: In this section of the assessment, you will conduct a comprehensive review of literature and information relevant to your research
question. Your literature review must consist of at least seven scholarly resources. a) Analyze the literature and information for how it relates to your research question. This analysis will provide a theoretical base for the
research. b) Describe any bias or limitations present in the literature, and the potential impact these may have on your research. c) Summarize one other research study that has addressed a similar research question that could potentially be applied to your research
proposal. This study must be independent from the seven literature reviews required for the final project. d) From the study you have researched, explain the methods that were used to resolve the issue. e) Based on your findings, describe how this information will inform your research proposal, and support your response with specific examples
from your research.
III. Research Design: In this part of the assessment, you will describe the most effective method to carry out your research. Remember that your research question must be able to be addressed using your research. Specifically:
a) Explain the appropriate design and methodology for investigating your research question. Justify why these are appropriate for the study. For example, if investigating risk management practices of athletic directors, you could utilize the survey method to collect data.
b) Explain the strengths and weaknesses of your selected research design and methodology. c) Explain the strategies that will be used to gather research and data and why these strategies will be effective.
IV. Data Analysis Method: In this section of the assessment, you will develop a method for analyzing the data once it is collected. Specifically:
a) Determine data analysis strategies for reviewing collected data and explain why these strategies will be effective. b) Explain the type of data needed to utilize your selected data analysis method, support your response with examples. c) Explain the strengths and weaknesses of your selected strategy, supporting your claims with examples.
Milestones Milestone One: Research Proposal Introduction Draft In Module Two, you will submit a draft introduction (one to two pages in length) to your final project research proposal based on your approved topic. The introduction must include an overview of the research topic and problem statement. Then you will describe the purpose of the study and develop a research question articulating this purpose. This milestone is graded with the Milestone One Rubric. Milestone Two: Literature Review Draft In Module Five, you will submit a comprehensive review of the seven literature sources relevant to your research question (approximately one page per article) and an additional component summarizing a related article. Each article review should be approximately one page in length and the related research study component should be approximately one page in length. This milestone is graded with the Milestone Two Rubric. Milestone Three: Research Design Draft In Module Six, you will submit a draft of your final project research design (approximately two pages in length). This milestone is graded with the Milestone Three Rubric. Final Submission: Research Proposal In Module Nine, you will submit your final research proposal. It should be a complete, polished artifact containing all of the critical elements of the final project. It should reflect the incorporation of feedback gained throughout the course. This submission will be graded using the Final Project Rubric.
Milestone Deliverable Module Due Grading
One Research Proposal Introduction Draft Two Graded separately; Milestone One Rubric
Two Literature Review Draft Five Graded separately; Milestone Two Rubric
Three Research Design Draft Six Graded separately; Milestone Three Rubric
Final Submission: Research Proposal Nine Graded separately; Final Project Rubric
Final Project Rubric Guidelines for Submission: Your research proposal must be 10–15 pages in length (plus cover page and references page).. Use double spacing, 12-point Times New Roman font, and one-inch margins. Include at least seven scholarly resources, and adhere to appropriate APA formatting and citation guidelines.
Critical Elements Exemplary (100%) Proficient (90%) Needs Improvement (70%) Not Evident (0%) Value
Meets “Proficient” criteria and overview is exceptionally clear and concise
Provides a brief overview that clearly communicates the intended research
Provides an overview that communicates the intended research, but overview is cursory, verbose, or unclear
Does not provide an overview that communicates the intended research
Introduction: Problem [SPT-501-03]
Meets “Proficient” criteria and analysis is exceptionally clear and contextualized
Analyzes a problem within the field of sport management
Analyzes a problem within the field of sport management, but analysis is cursory
Does not analyze a problem within the field of sport management
Introduction: Purpose [SPT-501-05]
Meets “Proficient” criteria and provides keen insight into what this research can accomplish
Describes the purpose, scope, and context of the study and how the study will address the problem
Describes the purpose, scope, and context of the study and how the study will address the problem, but description is cursory, or purpose of study is illogical
Does not describe the purpose, scope, and context of the study and how the study will address the problem
Introduction: Research Question
Meets “Proficient” criteria and research question utilizes language that is exceptionally clear and concise in communicating purpose of study
Develops a research question that clearly and concisely articulates the purpose of the study
Develops a research question that articulates the purpose of the study, but question is lengthy, unclear, or omits key details
Does not develop a research question
Literature Review: Literature and
Meets “Proficient” criteria and analysis draws especially cogent connections between the literature and the research question
Analyzes the literature and information for how it relates to the research question
Analyzes the literature and information for how it relates to the research question, but analysis is cursory or contains inaccuracies
Does not analyze literature and information related to the research question
Literature Review: Bias or Limitations
Meets “Proficient” criteria and description is exceptionally insightful in addressing the potential impact the bias or limitations may have on research
Describes the bias or limitations present in the literature and the potential impact on the research
Describes the bias or limitations present in the literature, but description is cursory or does not address the potential impact on research
Does not describe the bias or limitations present in the literature or the potential impact on the research
Literature Review: Research Study
Meets “Proficient” criteria and demonstrates keen insight into how other research studies can inform one’s own research
Summarizes another research study that has addressed a similar research question that could potentially be applied to own research
Summarizes another research study that has addressed a similar research question, but summary is cursory, contains inaccuracies, or is not applicable to own research
Does not summarize another research study that has addressed a similar research question
Literature Review: Methods
Meets “Proficient” criteria and explanation demonstrates an astute ability to dissect research studies and methods
Explains the methods used to resolve the issue from the study that was researched
Explains the methods used to resolve the issue from the study that was researched, but explanation is cursory or contains inaccuracies
Does not explain the methods used to resolve the issue from the study researched
Literature Review: Inform
Meets “Proficient” criteria and makes especially cogent connections between the research and the research proposal
Describes how information will inform the research proposal, supporting response with specific examples from the research
Describes how information will inform the research proposal, but does not support response with specific examples from research, or description is cursory or unclear
Does not describe how information will inform the research proposal
Research Design: Design and
Meets “Proficient” criteria and demonstrates sophisticated understanding of the application of research design and methods
Explains the appropriate research design and methodology for investigating the research question, and justifies why these are appropriate for the study
Explains the research design and methodology for investigating the research question, but design and methodology are not appropriate, explanation is cursory, or does not justify response
Does not explain the research and design methods for investigating the research question
Research Design: Strengths and Weaknesses [SPT-501-02]
Meets “Proficient” criteria and is exceptionally insightful about the strengths and weaknesses of selected research design and methodology
Explains the strengths and weaknesses of selected research design and methodology
Explains the strengths and weaknesses of selected research design and methodology, but explanation is cursory, contains inaccuracies, or has gaps in clarity
Does not explain the strengths and weaknesses of selected research design and methodology
Research Design: Strategies
Meets “Proficient” criteria and offers keen insight regarding the effectiveness of strategies used to gather research and data
Explains the strategies that will be used to gather research and data and why these strategies will be effective
Explains the strategies that will be used to gather research and data, but does not explain why strategies will be effective, or explanation is cursory or unclear
Does not explain the strategies that will be used to gather research and data
Data Analysis Method: Data
Analysis Strategies [SPT-501-04]
Meets “Proficient” criteria and provides a nuanced discussion of data analysis strategies
Determines data analysis strategies for reviewing collected data and explains why strategies will be effective
Determines data analysis strategies for reviewing collected data, but does not explain why strategies will be effective, or explanation is cursory
Does not determine data analysis strategies for reviewing collected data
Data Analysis Method: Data
Analysis Method [SPT-501-04]
Meets “Proficient” criteria and draws especially cogent connections between the data required and the data analysis method
Explains the type of data needed to utilize the selected data analysis method, supporting response with examples
Explains the type of data needed to utilize the selected data analysis method, but does not support response with examples, or response is cursory
Does not explain the type of data needed to utilize the selected data analysis method
Data Analysis Method: Selected
Meets “Proficient” criteria and is exceptionally insightful about the strengths and weaknesses of selected data analysis strategy
Explains the strengths and weaknesses of the selected strategy, supporting claims with examples
Explains the strengths and weaknesses of the selected strategy, but does not support claims with examples, explanation is cursory, or response contains gaps in clarity or accuracy
Does not explain the strengths and weaknesses of the selected strategy
Articulation of Response
Submission is free of errors related to citations, grammar, spelling, syntax, and organization and is presented in a professional and easy-to-read format
Submission has no major errors related to citations, grammar, spelling, syntax, or organization
Submission has major errors related to citations, grammar, spelling, syntax, or organization that negatively impact readability and articulation of main ideas
Submission has critical errors related to citations, grammar, spelling, syntax, or organization that prevent understanding of ideas
Running head: HIRING 1
Hiring process of Student Activities Coordinator
Hiring process of Student Activities Coordinator
Overview of the Research Topic
Organizational success is largely dependent on the workforce's composition, and this is true for any business. As a result, hiring new employees is of essential importance to management and the company. Because of this, management often devotes a significant amount of time and money to the recruitment process. Focuses on the latter two elements of the process, which are critical to determining whether a company succeeds or fails in recruiting. However, considering hiring a staff for a school especially the student activities coordinator require much evaluation of the candidates to make sure that the institution have the best staff to address student needs. The roles of the student activities coordinator plays an important role in the school’s stability and this demands for a serious vetting of staff to make sure that the students gets a good staff that addresses their needs well (Bika, 2022). The research proposal highlights about the hiring process that would be significant and helps in having the right person for the role in the institution. In order to determine whether an applicant is a good fit for the institution, this step is all about verifying the applicant's information and verifying that they satisfy the role needs. Credit checks are one of the most significant checks for human resource managers in this level.
There are a number of things that the recruiting manager or their administrative assistance must verify, including educational information, employment history, and professional affiliations. For internal applicants, the hiring manager may not need to check references but may be obliged to undertake the institution's supervisor (Mervis, 2020). Verifying the employee's educational background necessitates that the manager work his or her way down from the highest to the lowest level. To be sure, checking professional licenses is important if they are applicable to the student activities coordinator’s role. The checking of criminal histories is an additional crucial step in the verification process. An applicant reports on personal records, and management evaluates the information provided by the applicant, rather than requiring the manager to check criminal records (Mawdsley et al., 2017). At this point, it is critical that the context of the information be taken into consideration so that candidates are not unfairly disqualified.
Hiring of the students activity coordinator is a challenging activity because the institution requires someone that understands students’ activities and can work well with them and connect the students with the school executive management. Hiring has been a difficult task in every organization because getting the right person for a given job is always an uphill task that require determination and teamwork in the human resource department to apply necessary steps to get the job done. It has become a problem in getting the best employee that coordinate student activities in the institution although the hiring processes are followed. It has become a challenge attracting the right candidates for the job because there is a time when the role is advertised, the hiring manager discover the right candidate in a pool of unqualified talent (Glastonbury et al., 2021). The hiring manager also finds it hard to convince the qualified candidates that are there if the right pool is located because there are multiple job offers that they are considering. The challenge puts the institution in a tough state because the roles assigned to the hired unqualified staff are not handled to satisfaction because there are cases of poor implementation of activities and also irregular scheduling that affects students’ academic excellence. The problem of getting the right talent for the school activity coordinator needs an intervention to get it done correctly, this is the focus of the research proposal.
Purpose of the Study
The study purpose is to develop the best hiring strategies that will help the school get the right talent for the student activities coordinator role. There has been a challenge in getting the right talent pool that the school will use to get the best candidate that would serve the student in the best way possible. There is always the need of having a qualified candidate for a job especially in an institution that has an influence or impact on the performance of the students (Glastonbury et al., 2021). The role that the school is looking forward to fill is critical in impacting the academic life of the students and the proposal needs to offer a solution that would assist the human resource department in getting the right candidate. Hiring process is also expensive and this demands that it is done correctly in the first time to minimize the costs that are used in repeated process (Dlugos, 2020). The proposal purposes in highlighting the need of taking enough time before subjecting candidates to a hiring process to make sure that the school have the best student activities coordinator. The interesting about the position that the school is looking forward to fill is that it has to be an individual that understand best in relating with students, have good interposal skills and also communication skills.
RQ: What are the best hiring strategies that school should use in recruiting qualified students activities coordinator?
The research question explains about the research proposal purpose of hiring the right candidate for the student activities coordinator and this is addressed only when the qualified talent pool is located to choose from there. The more emphasis that is needed for an effective hiring include training the hiring team concerning the position that the school is looking forward to fill and because it is something associated with students needs a person that understand and passionate about students issues. The right person for the position should be an individual that can communicate and relate well with the students making it possible that the students gets easy to approach and raise their concerns when necessary.
Addressing hiring Challenges
Training the hiring team should be the immediate intervention in having the best hiring team for the student activities coordinator and this helps in looking at the values, qualification and previous assignments that the candidates handled in their former workplaces. In the case of hiring from the school demand for looking for the reports from the supervisors and the managers about the way they are handling students concerns and also professional behavior that is critical in influencing decisions. There is also the need of diversifying the recruitment strategies that makes it possible in bringing good candidates into the recruitment process (Bika, 2022). Creating a huge talent pool like considering adopting the online advertisement that promotes the school broadens the audience that are reached for the job post. The approach of getting more candidates being interested with the position increases the chances of getting the right candidate for the job.
Bika, N. (2022). The most common recruiting challenges and how to overcome them. Recruiting Resources: How to Recruit and Hire Better. Retrieved 17 June 2022, from https://resources.workable.com/stories-and-insights/common-recruiting-challenges.
Dlugos, K. (2020). Variety is the Spice of Internal Hiring: How Pool Diversity Affects Post-Hire Performance and Exit. Academy Of Management Proceedings, 2020(1), 17510. https://doi.org/10.5465/ambpp.2020.17510abstract
Glastonbury, C., Bucknor, M., Wall, S., & Hess, C. (2021). Hiring Through the Lens of Diversity: Strategies to Create Diverse Departments. Academic Radiology, 28(12), 1775-1778. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.acra.2020.08.007
Mawdsley, J., Chauradia, A., & Brymer, R. (2017). Hiring Expert Talent in a Recession: Targeted Labor Pool Sourcing and Firm Performance. SSRN Electronic Journal. https://doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.2992548
Mervis, J. (2020). NIH’s new cluster hiring program aims to help schools attract diverse faculty. Science. https://doi.org/10.1126/science.abb1082
RESEARCH DESIGN DRAFT 1
RESEARCH DESIGN DRAFT 4
Research Design Draft
July 16, 2022
Research Design Draft
Appropriate Design and Methodology
Research methodologies refer to the procedures or strategies used to identify, gather, organize, and interpret data on a topic (McLeod, 2022). Questionnaires will be the best methodology for the study since they offer an efficient, user-friendly, and inexpensive method to collect a substantial amount of data from a sizable sample size. This method will also assist in gathering detailed information on individuals' ideas, thoughts, and experiences related to the research issue.
A research design serves as the "blueprint" for the study and often addresses four or more issues. The issues are: the research topic, the relevance of the data, the data a researcher has to acquire, and the analysis of the data obtained. Thus, study topics and target audience will determine the appropriate research design. In this case, the most appropriate research design will be qualitative. This is because this research design will enable the researcher to acquire a comprehensive understanding based on first-hand knowledge of the hiring process, data obtained during the research, data required by the researcher, and ways in which the data will be examined. A qualitative research approach will also consider what the participants say or think. They also make it feasible for creative ways to be implemented because they recognize that each person holds a unique viewpoint. This makes it possible for creative approaches to be implemented.
Strengths and Weakness
The architecture of qualitative research automatically makes it possible for more collaboration, which means that researchers from different fields and backgrounds can contribute numerous perspectives on the same data set (Melvin, 2019). For example, researchers with greater experience with hiring procedures may view the information from different perspectives than researchers specializing in social psychology, resulting in deeper, more comprehensive assessments that consider various viewpoints. However, this particular research design does have a few flaws. Gathering many people's unique insights, experiences, and perspectives is essential to qualitative research. Consequently, collecting all the necessary data from the respondents takes a lot of time, and the subsequent step of integrating the data is not as simple as merely plotting it on a graph. Because of the nature of qualitative data, investigators need to comb through each response to deepening their understanding of why respondents felt or responded to a question in a particular manner. More time will be spent studying qualitative data since findings are more descriptive and less likely to be numerical.
The advantages of conducting research with questionnaires are that it is efficient in terms of expense, it can be generalized, it is trustworthy, and it can be used in various contexts (McLeod, 2022). In addition to being an efficient and cost-effective method of gathering data, questionnaires also have the added benefit of being a convenient method. They can be directed toward any population the researcher deems relevant and administered in various methods. Questionnaire research methods have some flaws, including their inability to adapt to changing circumstances and lack of capacity for depth.
The tactics for gathering research and data will be open-ended surveys and questionnaires. These techniques will allow respondents to express themselves freely and in detail rather than forcing them to choose from a finite set of possibilities. The researcher might, for instance, pose an open-ended query such as, "How can a better hiring procedure be devised?"
McLeod, S. (2022). Simplypsychology.org. Retrieved 15 July 2022, from https://www.simplypsychology.org/research-methods.html.
Melvin, K. (2019). Embodiment in Qualitative Research. Qualitative Research in Psychology, 19(1), 288-289. https://doi.org/10.1080/14780887.2019.1579464
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