Number of Pages: 3 (Double Spaced)
Number of sources: 6
Writing Style: APA
Type of document: Essay
Language Style: English (U.S.)
Order Instructions: ATTACHED
#35779 Topic: LEARNING THEORY Number of Pages: 3 (Double Spaced) Number of sources: 6 Writing Style: APA Type of document: Essay Academic Level:Master Category: Nursing Language Style: English (U.S.) Order Instructions: ATTACHED LEARNING THEORY . Associate what you have learned about the theories to this case study, and about your experience. A comparison of what you have learned from the case study to related theories you have studied: – HUMAN NEEDS THEORY – SOCIOLOGIC THEORY – NURSING THEORY Make sure to cite these theories in APA format. A comparison of the case study to your nursing practice, giving one or two examples from your nursing experience in which you might have applied a particular theory covered. ATTACHED ARE MY REFERENCES
Running head: HUMAN NEEDS THEORY IN NURSING 1
HUMAN NEEDS THEORY IN NURSING 6
Human Needs Theory in Nursing
Human Needs Theory in Nursing
Comparing Case Study Lessons with Related Theories
The case study’s theoretical analysis and evaluation expound how Jerry deems it fit to depict the relationship between the effectiveness of health teaching at home and at the hospital environment. He intends to achieve this objective by gathering data related to the quality of information and professional competencies from the two settings to aid in assessing the utilization of healthcare. Such information is important because of the dire need to utilize the same in reducing the duration taken to deliver home health services, to improve hospital readmissions, and lessening the continued development of complications. Therefore, he uses Maslow’s theory of need, which proclaims that an individual will only continue pursuing growth when his/her personal needs have not been met and he/she will continue seeking development to attain his/her full potential.
Again, the case study presents the concept of theory description, which reviews the works of other theorists based on historical contexts. Again, it depicts the works of other authors to relate the structural and functional assertions of the theory as regards their assumptions, propositions, and concepts. Therefore, we can relate this concept to Virginia’s Henderson Need Theory that prioritizes an increased patient’s independence to eliminate possible problems resulting from delayed progress after hospitalization. Therefore, her theory proposed a substitutive, supplementary, and complimentary nursing care to empower the patient to be independent. Henderson’s need theory relates the ideas of various authors to the unique roles of the caregiver in assisting the patient to effectively undertake activities that contribute to health and recuperation or even peaceful death (Roussel, n.d).
Comparing the Case Study with My Nursing Practice, Giving Examples
I have applied the accurate conceptual framework addressed in the case study to fully accomplish my research project based on existing health promotion models. The ability to relate the key concepts of the model to theoretical assumptions and linkages was as a result of the need to identify criteria and develop mechanisms for better health outcomes (Roussel, n.d). This aligned with Maslow’s propositions of the theory of human need. Therefore, it aided in evaluating the extent to which theories accomplish their missions and recommending possible actions to further develop the theories to attain better nursing results.
Furthermore, I applied the concept of need as depicted by Maslow’s human needs theory in nursing practice. Maslow’s nursing theory takes into account, the needs and goals of patients in every activity and requires that healthcare professionals must always collaborate with their colleagues (Ahtisham & Jacoline, 2015). By so doing, the process of care delivery will focus on patient strengths all over the shift since it will remind clients on improvements. This will motivate patients and address their goals and this will automatically prioritize patient goals and lead to the achievement of consistent results. Precisely, Maslow’s human needs theory informed my knowledge on how to cater to the needs of the patients before meeting any other obligation in healthcare practice (Ahtisham & Jacoline, 2015).
Still, the case study’s theory analysis critically examines the content, structure, and function of the theory to determine if it is applicable in practice, research, or administration (Ahtisham & Jacoline, 2015). Therefore, a clear understanding of the theory facilitates a successful evaluation of the applicability of the theory in the nursing knowledge base. This implies that the theory evaluation is a concept that assesses how the theory can be directly applied in nursing practice and interventions and the analysis of whether or not it leads to favorable outcomes. Therefore, the concept enabled me to relate Henderson’s ideas regarding enabling the patient to gain independence as fast as possible based on individual care programs in real life nursing environment (Kieft, Brouwer, Francke & Delnoij, 2014). I was able to deliver quality healthcare services, ensuring a quicker recovery and in some instances, facilitated peaceful deaths as regards Henderson’s fourteen components of effective nursing care (Kieft, et al, 2014). Hence, the relationship between the human need theory and the depictions of the case study ascertains that recognizing caring needs, delivery, and evaluation of holistic care are based on patient empowerment.
Ideally, the case study provides specific features that clearly characterize significant nursing theories that are applicable to the healthcare system. For instance, it asserts that a valid theory in nursing practice must have a particular scope, complexity, must be useful, testable, and depict specific values of the theorist (Ahtisham & Jacoline, 2015). This implies that it must be able to generate information for use in assessing the patient’s condition to provide criteria for clear recording of useful information with the correct healthcare terminology. Therefore, similar models to gather both dependable and valid information about the patients’ health conditions to advance the value of nursing services (Kieft, et al, 2014). Hence, this concept validates the relevance of both Maslow’s and Henderson’s theories in nursing practice because they arrive at testable hypotheses.
Finally, I applied the theories in nursing practice to avoid probable prejudices and instead, make values and propositions underlying the theories more explicit to meet the desire to satisfy patients’ needs. Therefore, it is evident how I applied the theories to fit nursing practice into the already established theoretical outline through the establishment of positive relationships with the care delivery system. However, it is a good idea to integrate nursing curricula education and practice to align with the needs of the patients and staff to effectively meet clients’ needs (Ahtisham & Jacoline, 2015). This is what Maslow’s human needs model of nursing aims at achieving by its continued emphasis on patients’ challenges that can be lessened by universally meeting their needs.
Ahtisham, Y. & Jacoline, S. (2015). Case Study: Integrating Nursing Theory and Process into Practice; Virginia’s Henderson Need Theory. International Journal of Caring Sciences, Volume 8 Issue 2, pp.443-450.retrieved 10/11/2018 from http://www.internationaljournalofcaringsciences.org/docs/23_ahtisham.pdf
Kieft, R., Brouwer, B., Francke, A. & Delnoij, D. (2014). How nurses and their work environment affect patient experiences of the quality of care: a qualitative study. BMC Health Services Research. BioMed Central Ltd. Retrieved 10/11/2018 from https://bmchealthservres.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/1472-6963-14-249
Roussel, L. (n.d). Chapter 2: Concepts and Theories Guiding Professional Practice. Jones and Bartlett Publishers LLC. Retrieved 10/11/2018 from http://www.jblearning.com/samples/0763757144/57144_CH02_018_049.pdf
Running head: NURSING THEORISTS 1
NURSING THEORISTS 3
Nursing as a profession has been in demand and evolving over the years. There was a time it did not have the popularity as it has in the modern world. Over the years, different researchers have contributed to the evolution of nursing which have made it better in teaching and practice. Each researcher contributed unique content that they studied for years and now form basic guidelines of modern nursing both in education and in practice. In this paper, the theorist that will be studied is Virginia Henderson. The paper will discuss her contribution to modern nursing and explain why she was chosen for this evaluation.
To start with, among the many very important nursing theorist, the video of Virginia Henderson was chosen for various reasons. Virginia has been referred to as the Nightingale of Modern Nursing. This means that she was a very important tool that forms a very strong pillar of modern day nursing. She authored the book that defines the nature and responsibilities of nurses. She defines the role and activities that are carried out by nurses and explains them in details (Henderson, 1991). She also defines the principles and standard practices of nursing that are very crucial in the nursing profession. All these contributions are worth understanding and this is the main reason why this theorist’s video was picked.
The theorist has different explanations and philosophy that define the modern-day nursing career. One of the theorist beliefs concerning the nursing career is the roles of the nurses. Virginia describes the different activities of nursing in which she lists 14 main activities. These activities I agree with as it is very evident they form a crucial part of nursing in general. Another fact listed in the video that I agree with is the nursing roles. Nurses have three cardinal roles which include doing for the patient, helping the patient and working with the patient. Nurses perform these roles every day; for all the patients, when the patients cannot perform the roles and where the patient is instructed by the nurse on how to perform the tasks (NOWSKI, 2013). While watching this video, I was surprised by a very unique statement; the statement that defines the unique function of a nurse. This statement is familiar to me and I have known it for a very long time. What came as a surprise is that the statement was defined by Virginia Henderson.
I would recommend this video to other nursing students for the content that is available in the video. The video contains the historical journey and the contribution of one of the popular theorists in the field of nursing. It can work as a motivation for the students to explore further than the class work so as to ensure that the nursing profession grows even further. The theorist defines the activities and roles of nurses that are core to the modern nursing. The video can inspire the students to understand that the profession has evolved through the years and it encompasses a wider commitment than just a profession.
The video has a rich contribution to the life of a person and specifically almost everything a nurse should know. The different roles and nature of the nursing job discussed in the video are a valuable information that can be applied to ensure that the services offered by a nurse are of high quality. The video also gives information on the evolution of the nursing profession which is a very important motivation tool for students who value dynamic careers that can help them grow.
Henderson, V. (1991). The nature of nursing. New York: National League for Nursing Press.
Running head: SOCIOLOGIC SCIENCES 1
SOCIOLOGIC SCIENCES 2
Natalie is a new graduate nurse who now has to face some negating appropriate behaviors with the patients, co-workers and medical staff. There is a lot she needs to learn such as role strain that includes the incongruity, and some other major roles such as the requirement in learning to get used to managing complicated equipment and medications. In her line of work there, some issues may occur such as power/authority and domination. Two nurses are trying to hold on to their power as they are observing Natalie as a threat since they are more experienced, but Natalie holds an advanced degree. Natalie has noted that she lacks reciprocity in their relationships with the other two experienced AND nurses. At this time she feels as though she should withdraw from the scene. In her quest to resolve the issue she meets her professor to discuss the issue.
Her professor offers her some recommendations which he thinks will be of assistance to her. She should not do anything at this time. The behaviors of the other nurses are common, especially to a novice. Time will prove how ready she will become. She should try and embark on the conflict and try to think about the other two nurse’s perspective. She should speak about her sentiments now to the other two nurses that she is a brand new Registered nurse and have a prolonged learning period (McEwen, 2014). The department of sociology can assist in understanding people and groups of people when interacting with one another in some social settings. There are sociological concepts such as utilitarianism, which dates back to hundreds of years, and have influenced some of the theorists into working in the areas of the exchange theories and others such as the interaction theory, conflict theory. When trying to understand how the hospital nurses work the sociological theory can assist in understanding the underlying conflicts and behaviors between employees.
One specific theory that can be utilized in the case is the Role theory. Natalie is feeling the “role strain or role stress.” As a brand new nurse in the hospital, she is overwhelmed with the numerous tasks that she must complete during her shift; she is also in conflict since the other two nurses that she has met there are unhelpful, and not welcoming at all. The role theory points out to both parties that are involved, in the case Natalie is a ‘Newbie,’ although likely to get a higher remuneration than the nurses she has met. Natalie is uncertain about her role since it is her first time to practice, but her coworkers are not assisting her to get used to the new role (McEwen, 2014). As a new nurse, it is essential to negotiate appropriate role behaviors with the patients, co-workers and the general medical staff.
Through structural theory, it is apparent that experience plays a huge role compared to the education earned. Therefore, although the other two nurses are behind in their educational qualifications, their roles an experiences that run for ten years has taught them the essential things of the nursing care. It includes taking care of the patients, making sure the needs of patients are met and quality communication. The creation of a rapport and communication is very important when it comes to the nursing profession (McEwen, 2014). Natalie is finding it hard to cope with the busy schedule that is there in the ICU and the monitoring of the equipment and medications. She spends a lot of time there such that she does not have enough time to focus on communication and interaction skills.
Natalie should exercise the conflict theory, through accepting that the other two nurses are threatened by her since she is more learned than they are and she is likely to overtake them. It is hard for them to hold on to their positions since the employment field is requiring advanced types of degrees for the employees. A lot of novice nurses are opting to go back to school to maintain their current position in the hospital.
Natalie is in a dilemma, but it can be resolved through the realization of what is going on here. The other nurses are trying to negotiate their roles here while at the same time attempting to keep her in her position. If she would realize all these, then she would stand a better chance of improving and consequently reduce the stress that she is currently experiencing. It would be prudent that she has a conversation with the serving supervisor since she requires someone who is supportive of her as she resolves the current conflict. She also needs to approach her coworkers and tell them about what she feels about their doing that is making her fail before she even gets a chance to get used to her job. Natalie needs to choose what is the best approach that will amicably resolve the situation in the department.
In conclusion, Natalie needs to keep quiet as she gets used to knowing the job and gain the necessary knowledge from the other two AND nurses from experience. If Natalie is not rejected, she is more likely to take a distinct approach and appreciate them through being nice. It would assist her in a great way in resolving her situation.
McEwen, M. (2014). Theoretical Basis for Nursing, 4th Edition. [Bookshelf Online]. Retrieved from https://vsaccess.vitalsource.com/#/books/9781469899992/
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